Friday, December 3, 2021

The Importance of Maintaining Healthy Facial Skin

The Importance of Maintaining Healthy Facial Skin

Every woman wants to look beautiful. Most women always want to be different, not just to attract the opposite sex, but the appearance of a woman with a beautiful face can support the confidence needed in living daily life.

In matters of beauty, the face plays a very important role. The face is the first impression to attract the attention of a partner, therefore facial beauty is very important for women to maintain. Even though it looks trivial, it is the beauty of the face that brings a woman to look more beautiful and shining. But the most important thing is how to take care of facial beauty naturally so that the face still looks beautiful even without make-up.

Keeping the facial area clean is a must for women because basically a clean face will radiate natural beauty as well. Here are some tips that we have summarized for you and can be used in treating and maintaining facial health naturally:

1. Clean your face with fresh water

Diligently clean the facial skin and with fresh water. After a day of outdoor activities, let it sit for a few minutes until the temperature on the facial skin becomes normal, and wash your face as soon as possible with fresh water. This can make dirt peel off and keep facial skin clean.

 2. Avoid foods that can cause acne

Acne does sometimes interfere with appearance, therefore it is necessary to reduce or better avoid foods that can cause acne to grow, such as fried foods, especially if the fried foods are fried using unhealthy oil. In addition, reduce consumption of nuts. Nuts contain androgens, which can make acne worse on your face.

 3. Be diligent in drinking water

Mineral water in addition to functioning as a thirst quencher is also very good for beauty treatments. Get used to drinking water before bed at least half a liter and feel the benefits on your facial skin.

4. Wearing a Face Mask

One way to treat your face is to use a mask. Giving a natural face mask has many benefits, including refreshing, repairing, and tightening facial skin, improving blood circulation, re-stimulating the activities of skin cells, removing dead skin cells, softening the skin, as well as providing nutrients to the skin. Thus, it can be said that masks are one of the most effective facial cleansers. And seeing the various benefits of face masks will be very good if the masking is done regularly.

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Tuesday, November 23, 2021

Therapeutic Diets

Therapeutic Diets

A therapeutic diet is a meal plan that controls the intake of certain foods or nutrients. It is part of the treatment of a medical condition and is normally prescribed by a physician and planned by a dietician. A therapeutic diet is usually a modification of a regular diet. It is modified or tailored to fit the nutrition needs of a particular person.

Clear liquid diet

Includes minimum residue fluids that can be seen through.

Examples are juices without pulp, broth, and Jell-O.

Is often used as the first step to restarting oral feeding after surgery or an abdominal procedure.

Can also be used for fluid and electrolyte replacement in people with severe diarrhea.

Should not be used for an extended period as it does not provide enough calories and nutrients.

Full liquid diet

Includes fluids that are creamy. 

Some examples of food allowed are ice cream, pudding, thinned hot cereal, custard, strained cream soups, and juices with the pulp.

Used as the second step to restarting oral feeding once clear liquids are tolerated.

Used for people who cannot tolerate a mechanical soft diet.

Should not be used for extended periods.

No Concentrated Sweets (NCS) diet

Is considered a liberalized diet for diabetics when their weight and blood sugar levels are under control.

It includes regular foods without the addition of sugar.

Calories are not counted as in ADA calorie-controlled diets.

No Added Salt (NAS) diet

Is a regular diet with no salt packet on the tray.

Food is seasoned as regular food.

Low Sodium (LS) diet

May also be called a 2-gram Sodium Diet.

Limits salt and salty foods such as bacon, sausage, cured meats, canned soups, salty seasonings, pickled foods, salted crackers, etc.

Is used for people who may be “holding water” (edema) or who have high blood pressure, heart disease, liver disease, or first stages of kidney disease.

High fiber diet

Is prescribed in the prevention or treatment of a number of gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, and metabolic diseases.

Increased fiber should come from a variety of sources including fruits, legumes, vegetables, whole bread, and cereals.

Renal diet

Is for renal/kidney people.

The diet plan is individualized depending on if the person is on dialysis.

The diet restricts sodium, potassium, fluid, and protein specified levels.

Lab work is followed closely.

A mechanically altered or soft diet

Is used when there are problems with chewing and swallowing.

Changes the consistency of the regular diet to a softer texture.

Includes chopped or ground meats as well as chopped or ground raw fruits and vegetables.

Is for people with poor dental conditions, missing teeth, no teeth, or a condition known as dysphasia.

Pureed diet

Changes the regular diet by pureeing it to a smooth liquid consistency.

Indicated for those with wired jaws extremely poor dentition in which chewing is inadequate.

Often thinned down so it can pass through a straw.

Is for people with chewing or swallowing difficulties or with the condition of dysphasia.

Foods should be pureed separately.

Avoid nuts, seeds, raw vegetables, and raw fruits.

Is nutritionally adequate when offering all food groups.

Food allergy modification

Food allergies are due to an abnormal immune response to an otherwise harmless food.

Foods implicated with allergies are strictly eliminated from the diet.

Appropriate substitutions are made to ensure the meal is adequate.

The most common food allergens are milk, egg, soy, wheat, peanuts, tree nuts, fish, and shellfish.

A gluten-free diet would include the elimination of wheat, rye, and barley. Replaced with potato, corn, and rice products. 

Advanced Full Liquid Diet. This diet may be prescribed to meet the nutritive requirements of a patient who must receive a full liquid diet for an extended period of time or who has undergone oral surgery and must-have foods, which can pass through a straw.

1. The foods permitted are the same as those allowed on the full liquid diet. The advanced full-liquid diet is made more nutritious by the addition of blended, thinned, and strained meat, potatoes, and vegetables. High-protein beverages are served with meals and between meals.

2. The standard menu mat provides approximately 4028 calories. The advanced full liquid diet meets the RDA for all nutrients tabulated.

Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Cold Liquid Diet. This diet is used following a tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A). It is also used when only fluids or soothing foods in liquid form are tolerated.

1. The T&A cold liquid diet provides only cold liquids, which are free of irritants or acid properties. Foods allowed are flavored gelatins, ice cream, sherbet, and milk. A high-protein beverage is served between meals.

2. The standard menu mat is DA Form 2902-14-R. The T&A cold liquid diet does not meet the RDA for niacin and Vitamin A for adult males or children ages 4 to 10 and is below the RDA for thiamine for children ages 1 to 4. It does not meet the RDA for iron for any age group.

Soft Diet. The soft diet is prescribed for patients unable to tolerate a regular diet. It is part of the progressive stages of diet therapy after surgery or during recovery from an acute illness.

1. The diet consists of solid foods that are prepared without added black pepper, chili powder, or chili pepper. It doesn't contain whole grain cereals or salads with raw, fresh fruits and vegetables. Serving sizes are small to provide a gradual increase in the amount of food from the liquid diet.

2. The standard menu mat (DA Form 2902-4-R) provides approximately 2236 calories. This diet does not meet the RDA in iron for females or thiamine for males, nor niacin for either males or females.

Dental Soft Diet. This diet is prescribed for patients who are recovering from extensive oral surgery, have severe gingivitis, have had multiple extractions, have chewing difficulties because of tooth loss or other oral conditions, or for the very elderly, toothless patient.

1. The diet is composed of seasoned ground meats, vegetables, and other foods, which are easily chewed. The individuality of the patient must not be overlooked when a dental soft diet is prescribed. Many patients resent being served ground meat.

2. Standard menu mats available are DA Form 2902-6-R (dental soft diet) and DA Form 2906-13-R (dental soft, 2000 mg sodium diet). The dental soft diet does not meet the RDA in thiamin for males, nor iron for females.

Regular Diet. Regular diets are planned to meet the nutritional needs of adolescents, adults, and geriatric phases of the life span.

1. The regular diet includes basic food groups and a variety of foods. The basic food groups include meat, milk, vegetables, fruits, bread and cereal, fats, and sweets.

2. The standard menu mat, DA Form 2901-R (Regular Diet) provides approximately 3375 calories. The selective menu is developed by each individual hospital according to patient needs, food availability, and cost. The regular diet is designed to provide exceptionally generous amounts of all recognized nutrients and meets or exceeds the RDA for all nutrients tabulated.

3. The Food Guide Pyramid is an outline of what we should eat each day. It shows six food groups but emphasizes foods from the five food groups shown in the lower sections of the Pyramid. You need food from each group for good health. Each of the food groups provides some of the nutrients you need. Food from one group cannot replace those of another group.

Diabetic Diet. The diabetic diet is indicated in the treatment of the metabolic disorder diabetes mellitus. This disease results from inadequate production or utilization of insulin. The object of treating the diabetic patient by diet, with or without insulin or oral drugs, is to prevent hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, glycosuria, and ketosis.

1. The diabetic food exchange lists are the basis for a meal planning system that was designed by a committee of the American Diabetes Association and The American Dietetic Association. The system lists meat exchange, bread exchange, fruit and juice exchange, vegetable exchange, milk exchange, and fat exchange. The number of exchanges allowed is based upon the doctor's order and the dietitian's calculations. Each diabetic diet should be individualized to meet the needs of the patient. The foods in each exchange contain the same amount of calories, carbohydrates, protein, and fat per portion size. Patients select from the exchange based upon their preference.

2. The adequacy and possible deficiencies depend on the calories. A diet of fewer than 1200 calories for women and less than 1500 calories for men would have a great chance of being deficient in some nutrients.

3. The goals of the diabetic diet are:

(a) To improve the overall health of the patient by attaining and maintaining optimum nutrition.

(b) To attain and maintain ideal body weight.

(c) To provide for the pregnant woman and her fetus: normal physical growth in the child, adequate nutrition for lactation needs if she chooses to breastfeed her infant.

(d) To maintain plasma glucose as near the normal physiologic range as possible.

(e) To prevent or delay the development and progression of cardiovascular, renal, retinal, neurologic, and other complications associated with diabetes.

(f) To modify the diet as necessary for complications of diabetes and for associated diseases.

Liberal Bland Diet. This diet is indicated for any medical condition requiring treatment for the reduction of gastric secretion, such as gastric or duodenal ulcers, gastritis, esophagitis, or hiatal hernia.

1. The diet consists of any variety of regular foods and beverages, which are prepared or consumed without black pepper, chili powder, or chili pepper. Chocolate, coffee, tea, caffeine-containing products, and decaffeinated coffee are not included in the diet. The diet should be as liberal as possible and individualized to meet the needs of the patient. Foods, which cause the patient discomfort, should be avoided. Small, frequent feedings may be prescribed to lower the acidity of the gastric content and for the physical comfort of the patient.

2. The standard menu mat, DA Form 2902-1-R, provides 3213 calories. The liberal bland diet is slightly below the RDA for thiamine and niacin for men 19 to 22 years of age. It is also below the RDA in iron for women of all ages.

Low Fat Diet. fat-restricted diets may be indicated in diseases of the liver, gallbladder, or pancreas in which disturbances of the digestion and absorption of fat may occur (pancreatitis, post-gastrointestinal surgery, cholelithiasis, and cystic fibrosis).

1. The diet contains approximately 40 grams of fat from the six ounces of lean meat, fish, or poultry, one egg, and three teaspoons of butter, margarine, or other allowed fats. Only lean, well-trimmed meats and skim milk are used. All foods are prepared without fat.

2. The standard menu mat, DA Form 2905-R, provides approximately 2168 calories. The caloric content of the diet can be increased by adding allowable bread, vegetables, fruits, or skim milk. The diet is below the RDA in iron for males between the ages of 11 and 22 and females 11 through 50 years of age.

Sodium Restricted Diet. The purpose of the sodium-restricted diet is to promote loss of body fluids for patients who are unable to excrete the element normally because of a pathological condition. The diet is indicated for the prevention, control, and elimination of edema in congestive heart failure; cirrhosis of the liver with ascites; renal disease complicated by either edema or hypertension; when the administration of adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) or steroids are prescribed, and for certain endocrine disorders such as Cushing's disease and hypothyroidism.

1. The sodium-restricted diets provide a specific sodium level or a range of sodium. The diet order must indicate the specific sodium level or range desired either in milligrams (mg) or mill equivalent (mEq). Terms such as "salt-free" and "low sodium" are not sufficient.

(a) All foods on the 500 mg and 1000 mg sodium diets are prepared without the addition of salt, and foods high in sodium are omitted. The 500 mg sodium diet uses both sodium-restricted bread and margarine. The 1000 mg sodium diet uses sodium-restricted margarine and regular bread. The 2000 mg sodium diet uses regular bread and margarine, and regular cereal and desserts prepared with sodium.

(b) The standard menu mats, DA Form 2906-1-R (500 mg sodium diet), DA Form 2906-2-R (1000 mg sodium diet), and DA Form 2906-3-R (2000 mg sodium diet), provide between 2083 and 2554 calories.

2. The diets are below the RDA in iron for males ages 11 to 22 and for females ages 11 to 50. Thiamine is inadequate for males at all levels. Calcium and niacin are also low for certain diets and ages.

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How to Choose the Correct Foundation Color

How to Choose the Correct Foundation Color

Brief Explanation: 

Take 3 colors that you think will suit you and apply it onto your cheekbone, all underneath each other. The one that disappears on your skin is the correct color. 

Foundation texture can be categorized into the following: 

1. Dry skin

Moisturizing foundation. 

It is a liquid foundation and contains extra moisturizers. 

It is very thin and it looks like no foundation has been applied. 

2. Combination skin 

Moisturizing foundation/oil-free. You can choose what you or your client prefers. 

3. Oily skin 

Matte, oil-free foundation. 

Still a liquid but the texture is thicker than the moisturizing foundation. 

4. Sensitive skin 

Foundation with no perfume in it. 

5. Problem skin 

Medicinal foundation, prescribed by a dermatologist.

Foundation can further be categorized into the type of coverage that you need: 

1. Almost none to medium coverage - Moisturizing foundation. (Water-in-oil basis) 

Only creates the base for other products that are going to be used. 

If you can’t find the correct color, then colors can be mixed. 

Your natural skin color still shows; ideal for people that prefer a thin foundation

Medium coverage - Oil-free foundation (Oil-in-water basis) 

Most common foundation and is readily available in the most colors. 

Ideal for everyday wear and for persons that still want to look natural. 

Skin shows a bit through this foundation. 

Can be mixed to get the correct color.

Medium coverage - Powder foundation 

Also called a 2-in-1 foundation. 

It is a liquid foundation mixed with powder. 

Full coverage - cream foundation

It is very thick and covers your whole face but it still looks natural.

Used for theatre make-up, older woman, people with problem skin.

Can not be mixed together to get the correct color. 

How to Apply Foundation

Steps in brief: 

Spoon out some foundation onto your spatula and apply to your hand. 

Take a latex sponge or foundation brush and gently apply the correct color foundation onto your / your client’s skin, starting on your / her forehead, nose, cheeks, and chin and blending outwards.

Take your foundation sponge and blend the foundation in downwards stroking movements. Make sure that no make-up is visible and all is blended in well.

Apply a green cover stick before your foundation if you have any pimples or red areas. 

Take a brush and apply some cover stick onto your eyelids, around your nose, and onto your mouth. This creates a base for your make-up and ensures that it stays on longer.

Dab your powder puff into some loose translucent powder and lightly press the powder all over your face, making sure that the powder is visible. 

Then take your powder brush and remove all excess powder from your face. Your skin will have a somewhat satin appearance / look.

Benefits of loose translucent powder: 

The loose powder creates a more natural look. 

It sets the basis of your make-up - foundation, cover stick. 

It creates a more matte appearance.

It blots any oiliness.

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Make up Brushes That You Need


Overview of Makeup Brushes That You Need: 

Foundation brush 

This brush is used to apply foundation. 

Most foundation brushes that you find are flat and the hair has a round-shaped edge. 

Other foundation brushes like the ones from MAC are bigger and fuller with a flat edge. 

Powder brush 

The biggest brush in your kit and all the hair is the same length. 

This is only used to remove excess powder after you have applied it with your powder puff. 

Blusher brush 

This is a smaller version of the powder brush. 

Used to blend already applied blush. 

Contour brush 

This is used to apply blush and it fits underneath your cheekbones. 

The hair of this brush graduate from short to long. 

Eye shadow blending brush 

It looks like a small broom and all the hair is the same length. 

Used only to blend the eye shadow and not for applying it. 

Eye shadow applicator brush 

A smaller version of the contour brush. 

It is shaped in a rounded form and fits perfectly in the fold of the eye.

All eye shadow colors can be applied with this brush. 

Highlighting brush 

A bigger version of the eye shadow applicator brush. 

It has a rounded shape and is used to apply only a highlighter. 

Eyeliner brush 

A very small version of the contour brush. 

Used to fill in eyebrows and apply eyeliner.

Lipstick brush 

All the hair is the same length. 

Applying lipstick and lip gloss. 

How to Sanitize Your Makeup Brushes 

Brief Overview: 

Natural sea sponge: Wash with cold water only. 

Latex sponge: Wash with soap and water, dry in sun. 

Powderpuff: Wash with soap and water, dry in sun. 

Tweezers: Sterilize with surgical alcohol. 

Eyebrow curler: Sterilize with surgical alcohol.

Powder brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally. 

Blusher brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally. 

Contour brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally. 

Eye shadow blending brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally.

Eye shadow applicator brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally. 

Highlighting Brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally. 

Eyeliner brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally. 

Lipstick brush: Clean with MAC brush cleanser. Pour some of the cleansers onto cotton wool and wipe it all over your brushes. Leave to dry naturally. 

Tissues: Used to correct small mistakes, remove excess lipstick from your lips, and clean brushes in-between clients. 

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Monday, November 22, 2021

How to Apply Day Makeup


Steps in brief: 

1. Test the foundation on your cheekbones to know if you are using the correct color. 

2. Use your foundation brush to apply the foundation. This will ensure that no streaks are visible on your face. Don’t apply a pink or yellow-toned foundation to give color to the skin, the foundation is only the basis to any make-up. 

3. Use a cover stick that is 1-2 shades lighter than your skin. This can be applied over the whole eyelid and also on blemishes and acne scars. A green cover stick can be used to cover any red areas on the skin. Just make sure that you blend the cover stick well. 

4. Loose transparent powder is the best to use. Avoid any powder that has a glow, because this will create a wet look. Concentrate especially on the eyelids and the lips. The main purpose of the powder is to ensure that the eye shadow and lipstick stay on for longer. 

5. Take an eyebrow/eyeliner pencil and dip it into some brown or black eye shadow and fill in your eyebrows. Then you will take your highlighting brush and dip it into beige, gold, or white eye shadow color and apply this color all over your eyelid. Then you will take your eye shadow applicator brush and dip it into the required eye shadow color that you want to apply. This color you will apply in the fold of your eye, making sure that you follow the natural shape of your eye. 

6. Then you can apply eyeliner on top of your eyelashes in a very soft line and blend it in very well just to soften it up. You can use a brown or black eyeliner or otherwise you can use any other color that will complement the eye shadow color that you have on. 

7. Apply 1 or 2 coats of mascara onto your eyelashes in zigzag movements. This zigzag movement will ensure that your eyelashes are separated from each other and it will also make your eyelashes appear longer. 

8. Then you can apply blush- one with a glow or either one that has a matte finished look. The blush must be applied softly to the cheeks or just underneath your cheekbones and it must be blended in well, otherwise, it will look harsh and unnatural. A creamy blush has the tendency to smudge and it can also create a wet look. 

9. Line your lips with a soft and natural lip liner pencil and blend this lip liner in by using a cotton bud and moving it softly over that line. Then you will take your lipstick brush and fill in your lips with a soft peachy or pinkish color. Finish the look off by applying lip gloss to your lips.

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How to Shape and Tint Your Eyebrows and Eyelashes

How to Shape and Tint Your Eyebrows and Eyelashes

What you need: 

1. Tweezers 

2. Tissues 

3. Cotton wool 

4. Eyebrow brush 

5. 1 spatula 

6. Lamp 

Procedure for perfect eyebrow shaping: 

1. Always sterilize your tweezers beforehand. 

2. Sterilize the area that needs to be shaped with hibitane. 

3. Place one tissue on top of your client’s head. 

4. Gently “pull” the area that needs to be shaped. This ensures support. 

5. Cool down the area by wiping it with hibitane. 

How to do correct eyebrow shaping to complement your eyes: 

1. Basic line - this area can be identified by placing your spatula on the outside corner of your nose and the inside corner of your eye. Any hair that grows in-between that line must be removed. 

2. Lengthening line- Place your spatula on the outside corner of your nose, taking it all the way to the outside corner of your eye/eyebrow. This is where the lengthening line must stop. 

3. The point where your brow arches- Let your client open her eyes and look in front of her, then place the spatula on the outside of her iris. This is where the brow must arch.

Things you need for tinting: 

1. 1 small scissor

2. 1 small container for mixing of tint

3. 1 small brush for applying tint

4. Cotton buds 

5. Cotton - wet and dry. 

6. Reflectocil tint - brown, black and blue-black 

7. Volume 10 peroxide 

8. Vaseline 

9. Eye drops 

Contraindications: 

Any previous history of skin allergies. 

Puffy eyes, eyes that are red, eye infections. 

Remove contact lenses

Procedure for eyebrow and eyelash tinting: 

1. Make sure that all eye make-up is removed. 

2. Take some rounded cotton and cut it in half. Take one half and cut out a rounded shape onto it. These cotton shapes will go underneath your eyelashes. 

3. The cotton wool must be thin enough and must be the length of your eye shape. 

4. Take a cotton bud and apply Vaseline all around your eyebrows. Make sure that no Vaseline touches your eyebrows. Also, apply some Vaseline onto your eyelid and underneath your eyes. 

5. Choose the correct color tint according to your client’s needs and mix it with 2-3 drops of peroxide. Make sure that the paste is even and not clumpy. 

6. Apply some tint onto the bottom eyelashes while her eyes are open; then apply it onto the top eyelashes while your client’s eyes are closed. 

7. Make sure that the eyelashes are covered all the way to their roots. To remove excess tint from your eyes or eyelids, you can just take a cotton bud and lightly wipe it off. 

8. Leave on for 10 - 20 minutes. 

9. While your client is relaxing, wipe out the tint from your glass bowl. Brush your client’s eyebrows with an eyebrow brush in the opposite direction that it is growing. Mix the correct color for your client’s eyebrows, with 2- 3 drops of peroxide. 

10. Apply it against the hair growth and make sure that all the hair is covered. Comb it then neatly. 

11. Leave for 5 minutes. 

12. Remove the tint with damp cotton wool in an upwards movement. Make sure you remove all the excess Vaseline as well. 

13. Remove the damp cotton wool underneath your eyes. Take more damp cotton wool and remove any excess tint from your eyelashes. Just to ensure that all tint is removed, take some damp cotton buds and gently roll them over the client’s eyelashes. 

14. Throw in some eye drops if the client’s eyes are burning. 

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Overview of Makeup and Tools a Makeup Artist Need

Overview of Makeup and Tools a Makeup Artist Need

1. Natural sea sponge 

This is difficult to get hold of, comes directly out of the sea. 

It is non - absorbent and it’s used to apply foundation. 

Wash with cold water only. 

2. Latex sponge 

This sponge is used to blend an already applied foundation. 

It is made of absorbent material. 

Wash with soap and water, dry in sun. 

3. Powderpuff 

It is round with the sides stitched and has a band so that your little finger fit around it. 

This is used to apply the loose powder onto your face. 

Wash with soap and water, dry in sun. 

4. Tweezers 

Used to shape eyebrows. 

Sterilize with surgical alcohol. 

5. Eyebrow curler 

Always curl your eyelashes BEFORE you apply mascara, otherwise you will break your eyelashes. 

Sterilize with surgical alcohol. 

6. Foundation brush 

This brush is used to apply foundation. 

Most foundation brushes that you find are flat and the hair has a round-shaped edge. 

Other foundation brushes like the ones from MAC are bigger and fuller with a flat edge. 

7. Powder brush 

The biggest brush in your kit and all the hair is the same length. 

This is only used to remove excess powder after you have applied it with your powder puff. 

Wash with shampoo and conditioner. 

8. Blusher brush 

This is a smaller version of the powder brush. 

Used to blend already applied blush. 

Wash with shampoo and conditioner. 

9. Contour brush 

This is used to apply blush and it fits underneath your cheekbones. 

The hair of these brushes graduates from short to long. 

Wash with shampoo and conditioner. 

10. Eye shadow blending brush 

It looks like a small broom and all the hair is the same length. 

Used only to blend the eye shadow and not for applying it. 

Wash with shampoo and conditioner.

11. Eye shadow applicator brush 

A smaller version of the contour brush. 

It is shaped in a rounded form and fits perfectly in the fold of the eye.

All eye shadow colors can be applied with this brush. 

Wash with shampoo and conditioner. 

12. Highlighting brush 

A bigger version of the eye shadow applicator brush. 

It has a rounded shape and is used to apply only a highlighter. 

Wash with shampoo and conditioner. 

13. Eyeliner brush 

The very small version of the contour brush. 

Used to fill in eyebrows and apply eyeliner. 

Wash with shampoo and conditioner. 

14. Lipstick brush 

All the hair is the same length. 

Applying lipstick and lip gloss. 

15. Tissues 

Used to correct small mistakes, remove excess lipstick from your lips, and clean brushes in-between clients. 

16. Sharpener 

It is good to have one with 2 different size holes. 

Sharpening of all pencils. 

17. Cotton buds 

Used to correct any harsh or skew lines and for applying powder underneath eyes. 

18. Spatula 

This is used for shaping your eyebrows and to remove products from their containers. 

19.  Glass 

Holds all your brushes neatly together. 

20. Headband 

Keeps your client’s hair out of her face. 

21.” Bib” 

Ensures that no make-up spills on your client’s clothes. 

22. Hand mirror 

So that the client can see what you do.

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